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Cuba
Cuban Missile Crises
As the nuclear arms race continued between the US and the USSR, the US was naturally shocked to hear that the USSR was planning to send ICBMs to missile bases in Cuba (now the missiles could reach the states in less than ten minutes!). What resulted was the Cuban missile crises, when the US and the USSR came to nuclear brinkmanship (the closest one can get to war without going to war). Catastrophe was avoided when the leaders of the two super powers met and both decided to pull missile bases out of near each other's territories.
Related: SALT II | Bay of Pigs | Sputnik | Warsaw Pact, CENTO | SEATO | McCarthism | Berlin Blockade, Marshall Plan | NATO | OAS, Truman Doctrine | Berlin wall

East Germany
Berlin Wall Built
During retaliation from the Cuban missile crises, Kennedy made assurances to West Berlin. What resulted was that Russia built the Berlin wall, seperating the two sides.
Related: SALT II | Cuban Missile crises | Bay of Pigs | Sputnik | Warsaw Pact, CENTO | SEATO | McCarthism | Berlin Blockade, Marshall Plan | NATO | OAS, Truman Doctrine

Vietnam
10,000 US advisors sent to South Vietnam
After Vietnam was devided into two secrtions by 17th parallel, it was decided in the Geneva agreement that there would be an open election within two years. Since Ho Chi Minh (the communist leader) was a hero amongst the Vietnamese people, the US and Ngo Den Diem (the semi-facist leader of South Vietnam) decided to ignore th Geneva Agreement. The North, on the other hand, did not. To aid the South to stop the advances of the Viet Cong (communist army from the north lead by Ho Chi Minh), the US sent 10,000 "advisors" to South Vietnam. These advisors were to go along with the Southern Vietnamese soldiers in the jungle and simply advise them on what to do. This naturally meant that the advisors also needed guns, though they weren't supposed to actually be fighting.
Related: US withdraw form Vietnam | Tonkin incident | Dien Bien Phu

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